When it comes to gemstones, there are two primary types of cuts: faceted and cabochon. Other types, such as beads, carved gemstones, and subcategories, exist, although faceted stones and cabochons are most commonly utilised in jewellery and jewellery design.
A faceted stone has several flat sides, whereas a cabochon has a smooth surface. As a result, cabochons are more common for opaque or translucent stones, while faceted stones are more popular for transparent stones. Most stones, however, are now available in both faceted and cabochon shapes.
For example, 99.99999999% of diamonds are faceted; this is because most diamonds used in jewellery are transparent, and you want them to reflect light and glitter, whereas an opaque stone like Malachite is cut into a cabochon or bead.
Faceted stones tend to glitter more, whereas cabochon gemstones have a lovely colour. Faceted stones take longer to cut and are often more expensive because they have numerous flat sides (facets) that must be meticulously aligned and polished. When a stone is pulled out of the earth, its colour and clarity are evaluated. If the stone has a nice enough colour and is free of natural inclusions, it is worth spending the time and money to facet it because the ultimate effect will be financially worthwhile.If the colour is beautiful, but the stone has a lot of fractures, fissures, or bubbles (inclusions), it will most likely be cut into a cabochon since the natural inclusions will reduce the amount of light that the stone reflects. This suggests that faceting the stone isn't worth the effort. It can, however, be used in jewellery if it is fashioned and polished into a cabochon.
If the stone's colour and clarity are poor, it could be turned into a bead or used in industry.
There are, of course, exceptions to the rule. For example, if you come across a huge, smooth gemstone with good colour and clarity, making a cabochon gemstone out of it may be a fantastic way to avoid wasting a lot of material.
Shapes of Faceted Gemstone
There are nearly unlimited faceted gemstone shapes, and new ones are being introduced all the time. The brilliant round cut is the most popular; it has 57 facets and was designed to maximise the glitter of diamonds, but it can also be used for other gemstones.
Faceted Gemstones Advantages
The splendour and beauty of gemstones are enhanced by faceted cutting. Because facets contribute to many angles, a spectacular reflecting effect can be achieved.
Faceted cutting adds depth to the gemstone and improves its beauty. Even the best faceting can assist in hiding unattractive parts of a diamond, preserving its beauty. Furthermore, this cutting style gives the gemstone a stylish and fashionable appeal. Faceted cutting allows for a variety of styles.
Which gemstones are frequently carved into facets?
The correct answers are Sapphire, tourmaline, aquamarine, topaz, tanzanite, emerald, ruby, diamond, and morganite.
Cabochon Gemstones Advantages
Compared to faceted cutting, cabochon gemstone cutting is more cost-effective. In addition, it has the ability to enhance the gemstone's look and colour. Cabochon gemstone cutting can also improve the gemstone's visual effects.
Cabochon gemstone cutting is an excellent cutting procedure for softer gemstones that would be vulnerable to scratches or fractures if cut faceted.
Which gemstones are most commonly carved into cabochons? Examples are Aventurine, star sapphire, moonstone, turquoise, garnet, amber, opal, star ruby, and other gemstones.
More information on Faceted Gemstone
Gemstones with facets come in a variety of forms. For example, when it comes to faceted gemstone jewellery, it can come in a variety of shapes, such as ovals, stars, hearts, squares, and so on. Furthermore, faceted stones are also available in a variety of sizes. As a result, a variety of jewellery possibilities become available from which you can select your favourites.
Back-set, snaptite, wrap tie, and pre-notched settings are some options for beginners when using faceted gemstones to make jewellery.
Faceted Gemstone or Cabochon Gemstone: Which is the Better Gemstone Cutting Technique?
It is impossible to say which technique is superior because the chosen method depends on the gemstones' optical properties and quality.
However, many people turn to faceted cutting these days since it allows gemstones to reflect light brilliantly. Furthermore, this procedure aids in enhancing the gemstone's radiance.